How to diagnose acute HIV infection symptoms? The acute HIV infection is condition that develops in 2 or 4 weeks after a person get HIV infection. This is initial stage of HIV development and in this stage, the HIV viruses are getting replicated in rapid extreme way. Early detection will help for next treatment for person who infected with acute HIV infection.
What is Acute HIV Infection?
The period of duration that follows the infection of HIV is called with acute HIV infection. This is also known as the first stage of HIV diseases. After the infection of HIV, it will be replicate in extreme rapid, viruses will copy itself repeatedly over and over that will result high amount of HIV virus in blood.
The virus amount in blood is called with viral load. The present virus in blood then will be higher extreme amount and make body defenses are unable to respond to virus. When the HIV amount is increases, large number of white cells is or called with DP4 destroyed. Over the time, acute HIV infection will cause dramatic decreased number of white cells (DP4) and result the weakened immune system in body.
With the weakened body immune system, acute HIV infection symptoms will appear. In time range of 6 to 8 weeks after HIV infection acquired, body will start to defend by create antibodies. The antibody development causes the amount from HIV viruses will drop but the virus itself will remains into your blood and never goes away. When the virus amount decreases, the immune system will get stronger. The white cell DP4 will go to normal or near to normal level.
What are Acute HIV Infection Symptoms?
The acute HIV infection is can be accompanied or not accompanied with several symptoms.
- Fever that usually rate at 101-degree Fahrenheit or higher. Fever is the most common symptom that experience in the first infection time.
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Weight loss
- Night sweats
All these infections symptoms are commons on other viral illness and this makes diagnosing the acute HIV infection often not suspected and when patient go to their home, they are unaware with the condition that they are infected with HIV. When you got these symptoms, it does not mean that you have HIV. The same symptoms such as beyond are also occurs in flu, strep throat and many other viral illnesses.
Risk of Acute HIV Infection: How to Test It
People that actively in sexual activity are getting higher risk of acute HIV infection when they have anal sex, oral and vaginal without condom or doing sexual activity with person that positively with HIV or partner with HIV and they do not know the status.
To know whether they are infected with acute HIV infection or not, need to do test. There are testing to acute HIV infection that comes in different method.
- ELIZA (EIA Enzyme Immunoassay). This test looks antibodies in your body that response to virus HIV. These antibodies perhaps not present in blood for several weeks into months following the infection.
- HIV RNA or viral load. This is test that look for the viruses of HIV itself. The test is purposes in looking for HIV viruses and becomes positively shortly after the infections, early at 5 days. Therefore, it is important HIV test for diagnosing the recent HIV infection.
The normal HIV antibody (EIA) blood test can result negative or indeterminate result for people who actually positive in acute HIV infection. Usually, the test will be positive after next test in 1 to 3 months after. If both test result positive, the HIV infections probably result in several weeks or months prior for testing next.
What You Need to When You Infected With Acute HIV Infection
If you suspect yourself that you are infected with acute HIV infection, then it is recommended for doing test. You also need to let your provider knowing if you may have been infected with acute HIV infection and need to do test for acute HIV infection.
If your test results positive, then make next appointment with HIV provider for counseling and care. The facility where you get test with HIV infection can help you to refer to HIV clinic near you. If you have negative result of HIV, then to measure and make preventive way from HIV infection, take preventive measurements.
If people with acute HIV infection not treated, the symptoms and signs will be disappeared along with the viremia. The person will enter the stage of prolonged hidden viral replication during viruses not cultural and the HIV-1RNA is going low or undetectable.
Different with other virus’s diseases, HIV is unable to eliminate by increasing body immune systems. Over period time, the viruses will attack and destroy body immune system, and make the body immune system unable to fight other diseases and infections. When this condition happens, the condition is lead into late stage in HIV or also known as AIDS or stage 3 of HIV.