Allergic rhinitis due to pollen may be more experienced by those living in subtropical regions. While for those living in other tropical areas may have better body resistance to pollen, because in the tropics flowering trees throughout the year so that the population has adapted to the environment.
For those who suffer from allergic rhinitis pollen, they may suddenly experience sneezing, nasal congestion, clear fluid out of the nose, itching on the eyes, nose and throat and then watery eyes when inadvertently there are flowers around it.
The Definition of Pollen Allergic Rhinitis
Allergic rhinitis is an inflammation that occurs in the nasal cavity due to an allergic reaction. Symptoms in this condition usually arise after a person exposed to allergic triggers (allergens). Some of the symptoms include:
- A runny or stuffy nose.
- The eyes are itchy or watery.
Each allergy sufferer may experience different symptoms. Generally symptoms of allergic rhinitis are mild and manageable. But it can also appear symptoms severe enough to inhibit daily activities. Check with your doctor if:
- Experiencing symptoms that seem very disturbing and not getting better.
- Drug allergies are not effective or just trigger disturbing side effects.
- Having other diseases that can aggravate allergic rhinitis, such as sinusitis, asthma, or polyps in the nasal cavity.
Hay fever or powdery allergy is one of allergic diseases. Hay fever can cause inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose, sneezing, nasal congestion, red eyes and itching.
If hay fever is caused by pollen, what plant flowers can cause the allergy? Alder trees, birch, chocolate, grass, herbs and shrubs are some plants whose flowers can trigger the occurrence of rhinitic allergic pollen.
Diagnosis and Complications of Pollen Allergic Rhinitis
The process of diagnosis of allergic rhinitis will begin by asking the symptoms experienced as well as the patient’s medical history. The doctor will then examine the patient’s nose for any abnormalities that may be the cause of the symptoms.
Examples of possible tests are nasal endoscopy, CT scan, or nasal aspiratory flow test (nasal aspiratory flow test). Where necessary, follow-up may be necessary to confirm allergies, such as blood tests to assess immunoglobulin E (IgE) and skin prick tests to determine the type of allergen.
Pollen allergic rhinitis has the risk of complications, but this is rare. The following are possible complications of rhinitis.
Infection occurs because the snot cannot flow from the sinus due to swelling and inflammation of the nasal cavity.
- Middle ear infections.
- Nasal polyp.
Surgery may be needed to overcome a severe and long-standing problem, but if it is not too severe, the problem can be treated with medication.
Treatment of Pollen Allergic Rhinitis
Methods of treatment of allergic rhinitis vary for each patient. The difference in treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms and their effect on the patient’s life. Avoiding allergen or allergen triggers is a major treatment and prevention method for allergic rhinitis.
Allergic rhinitis cannot be cured, but the symptoms can be relieved and controlled through appropriate treatment measures. Some of them are:
- Drugs, such as antihistamines, decongestants, and corticosteroids.
Symptoms of mild allergic rhinitis can generally be overcome with decongestants or antihistamines that can be purchased freely in pharmacies.
But if you experience symptoms of severe allergic rhinitis, patients should see a doctor to get the right kind of medicine. When needed, doctors will also combine it with nasal sprays containing ipratropium or leukotriene inhibitors.
- Immunotherapy or desensitization.
This action is done by injecting allergens into the skin of the patient, at any given time interval (usually once a week), with increasingly elevated doses. The goal is to reduce the body’s immune sensitivity to the allergen. Provision of allergens can also be in the form of tablets that are drunk.
- Nasal irrigation (nasal irrigation).
This action is to cleanse the nasal cavity by spraying or sucking special liquid through the nose, and then remove it through the mouth.
The main cause of allergic rhinitis is the reaction of the immune system to allergic triggers. The immune system that considers allergens as harmful substances then releases histamine compounds into the blood.
This reaction can trigger swelling and irritation of the nose and excessive production of nasal secretions. There are various allergens that can trigger the reaction of the immune system if inhaled through the nose. Some common types of allergens are pollen, mites, dust, and animal dander.
Rhinitis can be prevented by avoiding triggers that can cause symptoms of rhinitis, such as avoiding polluted environments or exposure to secondhand smoke. In addition, you should also avoid common allergens of allergic rhinitis due to pollen, such as (of course) pollen, house dust mites, mold spores, and dead skin exfoliation, dirt and pet urine. For non-allergic rhinitis, promptly treat the underlying cause to be unsustainable.