There are various types of skin problem that might occur to you. Two of the most common types of skin issues that might occur to you are blackheads and acne. Usually, acne and blackheads might appear at the same time. Like any other types of skin issues, blackheads and acne could be treated by using various choices of treatment.
However, before you use treatments for these skin issues, there are several important details that you might need to know about them so that you can get the best treatment that will work perfectly. Several essential details that you should know about blackheads and acne are including causes, symptoms, and risk factors. Knowing the causes of these skin issues might also help you in preventing them as well.
The Differences between Acne and Blackheads
Acne is a common type of skin problem that might occur both in teenagers and adults. However, acne is more likely to appear during puberty due to the unbalanced hormonal activities. Acne also could appear in adults as well which might be triggered by several factors. Basically, there are two types of acne spot. The first one is whiteheads or also known as comedones and the other one is called blackheads or also known as open comedones.
Based on this description, blackheads are basically a type of acne as well. That’s why, the symptoms and the cause of blackheads sometimes similar with the causes and the symptoms of acne. However, the treatments for both of them may vary. Acne also might appear as small bumps that are also known as pustules and papules, cysts, or nodules as well.
The Causes of Acne
There are several factors that might cause acne. Basically, the main cause of acne, especially the one that appears during teenage years is hormones activity. Unbalanced hormones activity and the combination between fatty acids and bacteria that live inside the oil glands are also considered as the cause of acne as well.
Acne usually appears on skin face. However, acne also might appear on other parts of your body that have oil glands such as shoulders, chest, and back. Other conditions that might trigger acne are including:
- Fluctuating hormones activity that occurs during periods in women.
- Manipulating acne lesions.
- Headgear and clothing such as sports helmets and hats.
- Specific weather condition, high humidity, or air pollution.
The conditions above might increase the chance of acne development on your skin.
How to Prevent Acne
To prevent acne, there are several things that you can do. Below are several basic self help methods that you can use to prevent acne.
- Only wash affected areas of the skin twice a day. Washing your skin too frequent will only make the symptoms worse.
- When washing the affected areas of the skin, use cleanser or mild soap and lukewarm water. Never use water that is too hot since it might make the condition worse.
- Never clean out the blackheads or squeeze the affected spots. These actions could lead to scars.
- Never use cosmetic or make up excessively.
- Remove your make up before go to bed.
- Take a shower after exercise or workout to prevent sweat irritating the affected area.
- Keep your hair off your face.
If you do all things above, you might have better chance to prevent acne and blackheads.
Symptoms and Causes of Blackheads
Blackheads are basically the type of acne that appears as small sized dark bumps on your skin. The symptoms of blackheads are including enlarged pores, black spots, and clusters or individual black colored bumps that usually appear around your nose, cheeks, and chin. The causes of blackheads are including:
- Oily skin. People with oily skin or combination skin might have higher chance to have blackheads since the skin pores are more prone to be clogged by sebum.
- Pores blockage. Pores blockage is caused by oil build up on your skin which is the result of the use of skin care products that are not suitable with the characteristics of your skin, excessive use of cosmetic products, and improper skin cleansing.
- Hormones activity. Hormonal changes might trigger the more sebum that is produced by oil glands which might lead to pores blockage. Excessive oil production by skin might also be triggered by stress as well.
- Improper skin care. Oily creams and other oily skin care products might trigger the excessive oil production on your skin which will lead to pores blockage.
By knowing the causes of blackheads, you might be able to prevent this skin issue in more effective way.
Rick Factors of Blackheads
There are several risk factors that might increase the chance of blackheads to appear. The risk factors of blackheads are including:
- Adolescent who enter the puberty.
- People who use skin care or cosmetic products improperly.
- People who have oily skin.
Acne and blackheads also might have higher chance to appear o people who are stress or people with unhealthy lifestyle.
How to Treat Acne and Blackheads
There are several ways to treat acne. Before you use treatments for acne, it’s very important for you to visit your doctor or dermatologist so that you can get the best treatment that is suitable with your condition. The treatments for acne are including:
- Gel or cream that contains benzoyl peroxide. Benzoyl peroxide can help kills bacteria and prevent pores blockage by dead skin cells. The side effects of using gel or cream that contains benzoyl peroxide are including dry skin, itching, burning, and redness.
- Topical retinoids. Gels and cream that contains adapalene and tretinoin can be used to reduce sebum production and also help to remove dead skin cells.
- Azelaic acid. Gel or cream that contains azelaic acid can remove bacteria and dead skin cells and can be used as substitution to benzoyl peroxide or other topical retinoids.
- Antibiotics. Antibiotics can control bacteria that live on the surface of the skin. There are two types of antibiotics that you can use. You can use topical antibiotics such as erythromycin and clindamycin or you can use antibiotics that are taken as tablets such as tetracycline. You need to consult your doctor first if you decide to use antibiotics to treat acne.
- Hormone therapy. This type of acne treatment is suitable for women with symptoms of androgen excess. Hormone therapy usually consists of low dose of cyproterone acetate and oestrogen.
The type of treatment that you should use will depend on your condition.
Besides using medical treatment, you also could use home remedies to treat acne and blackheads. There are various choices of home remedies that you can use to reduce the symptoms of acne and remove blackheads. Using home remedies to treat blackheads and acne can be considered safer since the materials that you use are natural based materials.
However, just like using medical treatments, it’s better for you to consult your doctor or dermatologist before you decide to use home remedies to treat your acne. One of the best ways to treat acne using home remedies is by creating homemade face masks for acne and blackheads. Homemade face mask can be made using various choices of natural ingredients that can be found easily on any grocery store.
Homemade Face Mask for Acne
There are several choices of homemade face mask that you can use to treat acne. Below are several choices of homemade face mask that you can use to treat acne.
Honey and Cinnamon Mask
Honey is known for its natural antibiotic properties that are very useful in helping to kill bacteria that might cause acne. Cinnamon also has natural anti microbial properties that can help to stop the bacteria growth on your skin. If you combine cinnamon and honey, this mixture can be used to treat acne easily and effectively.
To make honey and cinnamon face mask, you need to mix one teaspoon of cinnamon and two tablespoons of honey until they are completely blended. Once the mixture is blended, rinse your face, dry your skin, and apply the honey and cinnamon mask to the affected area or to the entire face. Leave the mask for ten to fifteen minutes. When it’s done, rinse your face thoroughly and dry your skin.
Egg White Mask
Egg whites can help face acne scars and reduce acne. Egg whites contain high amount of vitamins and protein that can heal skin and could help rebuild healthier skin cells. Egg whites also can help soak up excessive oil on your skin which is considered as the main cause of pores blockage.
To make homemade face masks for acne and blackheads by using egg whites, you need two to three egg whites that are separated from the yolks. Whisk the egg whites until frothy. Rinse and then dry your face. Apply thin layer of egg whites on your face using your fingers. Allow the layer to dry for few minutes. Once the layer is dried, apply three or four more layers with same steps.
Let the egg whites mask dry for at least twenty minutes. When it’s done, rinse your face completely and dry it.
Honey and Milk or Yoghurt Mask
Besides cinnamon, you also can use milk or yoghurt as the combination to honey to create face mask for acne. Milk or yoghurt can help treating the acne outbreak and also improve your skin tone. Milk can soothe irritation on skin and also help to tone down the redness that is caused by acne.
To make face mask using these ingredients, you need to make a mixture of one tablespoon of honey and one tablespoon of yoghurt or milk. Make sure the milk or yoghurt that you use is room temperature. Once the mixture is done, apply it on your skin suing your fingertips or cotton ball. Apply thin layer on your face and wait the layer to dry before applying another one.
Let the mask on your face for at least ten to fifteen minutes. After you’re done, rinse your face thoroughly and use washcloth to gently scrub the skin in circular motion in order to remove dead skin cells.
Oatmeal has been used to treat various skin ailments for a long time since it can soothe your skin by reducing redness and inflammation. You also could add honey to make the oatmeal face mask becomes more effective.
To make oatmeal mask, you need to prepare one serving of oatmeal based on the package directions and combine the oatmeal with two tablespoons of honey. Let the mixture cool to room temperature before apply it to your skin. Once you’ve applied the mask on your skin, leave it on for at least twenty to thirty minutes before you rinse your skin. Make sure you rinse your skin thoroughly and dry it after you finish.
Avocado and Honey Mask
Other great ingredient that you can use as face mask is avocado. Avocado is known for its high amount of vitamins and minerals. Avocado is also gentle for irritated skin as well. If you combine avocado with honey and make face mask from these ingredients, the mask will soothe inflammation and stop bacteria growth on your skin.
To make homemade face masks for acne and blackheads using honey and avocado, you need to use one whole avocado. Scoop out the avocado’s meat and mash it until becomes paste. Combine the avocado paste with one tablespoon of honey. Apply the mask on your skin and leave it for at least fifteen to twenty minutes before you rinse your face thoroughly using warm water. After rinse your face, dry your skin completely.
Baking Soda Mask
Baking soda is also known as sodium bicarbonate. Baking soda has antiseptic properties that allow it to fight off fungus and bacteria that might grow on your skin. Baking soda also can reduce excessive oil on skin that can cause pores blockage. Other benefit of baking soda is that it can get rid of dead skin cells from your skin.
To make face mask using baking soda, you need to create a mixture of equal parts of water and baking soda until they form paste. Apply the paste on your skin by massage it for two minutes in circular motion. Once it applied, leave the mask for at least fifteen to twenty minutes. After you’ve finished, rinse your skin thoroughly and dry it. Besides using baking soda as face mask, you also can use it as scrub as well.
Oat and Cucumber Mask
If you have oily skin, oat and cucumber mask is the perfect choice for you since cucumber has natural astringent properties. Oat can absorb excessive oil on your skin. You also can add honey to improve the mask. To make the mask, you can use half of a cucumber.
Put the cucumber in a blender and add two tablespoons of oat, juice from a half of lemon, and one tablespoon of honey. Mix the ingredients until they form smooth paste. Message gently the paste on your skin in order to exfoliate the dead skin cells. Let the mask on your face for at least fifteen to twenty minutes before you wash your skin with cool water.
Honey and Aloe Vera Mask
Aloe Vera has soothing and cleansing properties. Aloe Vera can ease redness that is caused by acne and reduce inflammation as well. If you combine Aloe Vera with honey, you can use the mixture as the ingredient of homemade face masks for acne and blackheads that will work perfectly.
To make face mask using honey and Aloe Vera, you need one tablespoon of Aloe Vera gel and four tablespoons of honey. Mix them in a bowl. Apply the mask on your face using your fingertips or cotton ball. Make sure the mask doesn’t have direct contact with your eyes. Leave the mask on your skin for at least twenty minutes. Once you’ve done, rinse your face thoroughly using warm water and dry it completely.
Homemade Face Mask for Blackheads
Besides for treating acne, several types of face mask also could be used to treat blackheads as well. Below are several examples of homemade face mask that you can use to treat blackheads.
Lemon Juice Mask
You can make homemade face mask to treat blackheads by using lemon. To make this mask, you need a half cup of lemon juice. Use cotton pad that has already dipped in fresh lemon juice and place the cotton pad on your T-zone. Put one cotton pad on your nose, one cotton pad on your forehead, and two cotton pads on your chin. After fifteen minutes, rub the pad to remove the blackheads.
Papaya Facial Mask
Other great ingredient that you can use to make face mask for treating blackheads is papaya. To make this face mask, you need one ripe papaya and a quarter tablespoon of gram flour. Mash the papaya’s pulp nicely and add gram flour. Before applying the mask on your face, you need to wash your face first. Apply the mask on your face for fifteen minutes. Once you’ve done, wash your face using cold water to remove the mask.
Coriander Leaves Mask
You also can use coriander leaves to make mask for removing blackheads. To make this mask, you need to mix coriander leaves with turmeric powder. Add warm water to the mix and stir the mix until it forms paste. Put the mask o your face, especially on your nose, forehead, and chin before you go to bed. The next morning, wash your face using cold water to remove the blackheads.
Gelatin Papaya Mask
To make gelatin papaya mask, you need powdered gelatin, juice of a half of papaya, and juice of a half of kiwifruits. Combine all ingredients and mix them until from smooth paste. To apply the mask, first you need to clean your face. Once your face is cleaned, apply the mask by massaging it gently to your face. Leave the mask on your face for several minutes and rinse off the mask using water once you’ve finished. Kiwifruits contains high amount of vitamin C that will lighten your skin while papaya can help remove blackheads and dead skin cells from your skin.
Gelatin Milk Mask
You also can use mix of gelatin and milk to make face mask for removing blackheads. To make this mask, you need one teaspoon of unflavored gelatin and one and a half of teaspoons of milk. Mix the gelatin and milk thoroughly and put the mix in the microwave for at least ten to fifteen seconds until the mix is warm.
Apply the mix in thin layer on your face using your fingertips. The mask should cover your chin, nose, and forehead. Make sure that the layer is not too thick. Let the mask dry for a while until the mask turns translucent. Once the mask is dry enough, peel it off by pulling your skin tight. The blackheads and dirt will glue to the mask when you peel it off from your face.
Gelatin Charcoal Mask
Charcoal is also a good combination to gelatin if you want to make face mask for removing blackheads. To make this mask, you need one tablet of activated charcoal, two teaspoons of gelatin, and four teaspoons of water. Crush the activated charcoal tablet to form charcoal powder. Mix the charcoal powder with gelatin and add water. Put the mix in the microwave until gelatin dissolves.
Before apply the mask on your face, you need to wash your face first. While the mask still hot, use brush to apply it quickly on the affected area of your face. Leave the mask for a while until it dry. Once the mask is dry, remove it by pulling your skin tight. When removing mask, you need to do it carefully and slowly. Once the mask is removed, rinse your face thoroughly and apply moisturizer on your face. Use this mask once a month.
Acne and blackheads are considered as common skin ailment that can be treated using medical treatments or home remedies. To get the best results, make sure you consult your doctor or dermatologist before use homemade face masks for acne and blackheads or medical treatments.