Papaya, a Fruit with Thousand Benefits and Facts You Don’t Know

Some people had understood the health benefits risks, research & nutrition facts about papaya. As the fact, papaya is one of the fruit that is longevity in legend. Among the other fruits, papaya has many therapeutic effects. More than that, this fruit has the beauty effect for women.

The function of papaya is working well for the digestive system. The enzyme that degrading the protein contained in this fruit can charge the expense of intestinal track and the pancreas, fill the shortfall of the gastric, and help to break down the protein and the starch. The nutrient will permanently and freely works in the digestive system.

Basically, the origin of papaya plant is the tropical plant that is believed that originated in southern Mexico and Central America. And now this fruit has been cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Papaya fruit is grown as a ripe fruit to be eaten. Juice is the popular drink. The fruit of papaya can be consumed or made as juice. The leaves, the shoots, and the raw fruit can be cooked as dishes.

Papaya becomes the source for flavoring in making candies, jellies, sweets, and ice cream. The superficial wound on the surface of the ripe fruit can produce the latex to be collected, dried, and it is called papain. Then the papain is used as the industrial production.

More than 80% American beer is made of papain that is allowed for the beer to stay cool. Papain is most often used commercially in a meat tenderizer and gum. The function of papaya for cosmetics, papain is used in some toothpaste, shampoos and face creams.

Papaya has a Latin name Carica papaya and included in the family Caricaceae. Papaya plant is from Central America and the West Indies. This plant is distributed to various parts of the world by Spanish traders. On the Indonesian, precisely the papaya plant is known in general about the 1930s. Papaya each area has a different name.

Papaya is a fruit of herbaceous plant of the family Caricaceae. Papaya root is a taproot or radix primaria. The anatomy of the papaya plant root tissues composed of epidermis, cortex, endodermis, xylem and phloem tissues, and the cambium. The papaya stem is woody stems or it is usually named as lignosus, long round shape like a cylinder.

The trunk showed traces of leaf and the stem grows direction perpendicular to the top. The rods are composed of three dermal tissues, vascular tissue, and a network of backers. The composition consists of stalk and leaves only strand that has a shape and structure. The leaves are composed of epidermal tissue, parenchymal tissue, and the carrier’s network.

Papaya plant has three kinds of the perfect female flowers and male flowers that have the characteristics of each. The fruit is included in the class of real fruit and including a single berry fruit. Papaya fruit consists of three parts, namely eksokarp, mesocarp and endocarp. The seeds enclosed seeds named Angiospermae and include dicot seeds. Papaya plants have a variety of compounds that have the great benefits for health and various industrial activities.

Papaya Health Benefits


The papaya tree comes from regions of Mexico and the usual planting in the yard or garden. The color for the ripe papaya fruit is sometimes orange or pink. It is sweet and juicy. Papaya is consumed by the public because the price is affordable and the benefits of papaya are outstanding for the digestion of the human body.

Papaya can be eaten by everyone from infants to the elderly. Besides the price is cheap, it tastes too sweet and soft, and easily chewed. The benefits of papaya also apply for those who has affected by cancer and other diseases. Among the uses papaya, the most interesting is the usefulness as a natural healing medicine.

As the origin word of papaya, it is also known as Paw-Paw, Papaw, Melon Tree, with the Latin name Carica papaya, round oval shaped, and it is usually green reddish, yellowish or orange. The large papaya fruit can reach a weight of 2.5 kg. The papaya fruit has a sweet taste and from tropical regions with high humidity level such as Mexico, the countries of Central America, Thailand, Indonesia, Africa, Asian countries, and it also grows well in Australia.

The function of papaya for healthy life is undoubted. Australians call the papaya with name Paw Paw. The fruit is grown throughout the year in Australia. The benefits of papaya can be used as a drug, whether the fruit, the seeds, the stems, and even the leaves.

In Indonesia, the papaya fruit grows almost anywhere, either in the yard, in the garden, in the woods or on the edge of the road as a wild tree. Anyone can take the fruit. The papaya fruit can also be purchased based on needs such as buying the fruit only or the.

All parts in plant of papaya can be used for human health are made in the form of tea especially the leaves.  Even the seeds are processed for later consumed in tablet form, but the easiest way for consumption is by eating it in a fresh fruits.

Some of the health benefits risks, research & nutrition facts of this fruit shows that the actually this fruit is rich of fiber such as folate, vitamin A, C, and E. In addition, papaya also contains little calcium, iron, riboflavin, thiamin, and niacin. The anti-oxidants are also plentiful in fruit papaya with flavonoids and carotenoids, vitamin C and A are in high levels.

Papaya contains low in calories and sodium. Studies have shown that amino acids are responsible for the entire human organism. Basically, an amino acid is responsible for all chemical reactions in the body in order to work as well as mental and physical health of human beings. With the increasing of the age, the digestive enzymes produced by the body will also reduce.

The digestive enzymes are in the stomach and pancreas, so the shortage will cause an effective enzyme digestion of protein into the body. The undigested proteins will clump together and bring the bacteria in the digestive system because there is not enough for the amino acids to overcome in creating the chemical reaction in the body.

Eating papaya after a big meal can make the stomach feel better, prevent bloating and chronic indigestion. The benefits of papaya also create lower levels of heat in the body, relieve the pain and bruising in sport injuries. Due to the natural of anti-heating in papaya fruit, this fruit can easy the severity of rheumatoid in the osteoarthritis and the arthritis.

And the high antioxidant content, papaya can prevent the oxidation of cholesterol, and it can be used as a preventive treatment against atherosclerosis, heart diseases, stroke, heart aggression, and the impact of diabetes. The benefit of papaya for everyday health is to boost the immune system and prevent colds and flu disease. It can relieve the pain when already taking drugs and eating papaya, then the good bacteria previously destroyed.

Research of Papaya Fruit

Have you ever feel bloating or constipation? Do not consume products or drug.  It’s good idea to try the natural products, free of preservatives and other chemicals, the papaya fruit. Papaya is rich of fiber and water. Therefore, it is not a fake that papaya can relieve the constipation. The benefit of papaya is also related to cancer.

Papaya is suspected and investigated for the treatment of cancer therapy, especially for ease trouble swallowing and inflammation of the mouth impact of radiation and chemotherapy. In addition, papaya can also increase the body’s immune system and help the body fight cancer cells. No wonder about the function of papaya.

The Nutrient Fact of Papaya Fruit

Although the papaya fruit including fruit are cheap and easy to obtain, but never underestimated about usefulness. From the first, the papaya fruit is believed providing many benefits for people, both for health and beauty. In one piece of papaya fruit, the nutrition is including Riboflavin 0,04 mg, Vitamin C 56 mg, Vitamin A 1,750 IU, Vitamin B 12.03 mg, Calcium 20 mg, Potassium 470 mg, Potassium 470 mg, Calories 39 g, Protein 0.6 g, Carbohydrate 10 g, and fat 0.1 g.

Based on the number, there’s no hesitation for the advantages of this tropical fruit. Papaya also contains many minerals, potassium, magnesium, and fiber. These nutrients make papaya very beneficial for health, both to meet the needs of potassium in lactation. The level of vitamin C in papaya is 48 times than apples.

The enzyme papain is very active and it is able to accelerate the process of digestion. The enzyme was efficacious as a cure stomach such as constipation, stomach disorder, and diarrhea. The papain helps to arrange the amino acids and help the detoxification of the body.

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The papain enzyme is able to breaking down the fibers of the meat. So it is not surprisingly that the papaya is often used as the material for meat tenderizer. The protein in the papaya fruit is very high. Even, the small amount of the papaya fruit can completely digest and absorb the nutrient to the body. Besides the papaya fruit is also low in sugar, so it’s good to be consumed by diabetics.

Overcome the Indigestion

Papaya contains of papain enzymes and fiber that may help to solve the problem of the stomach and digestive disorders like constipation and effective to prevent hemorrhoids. Research also proves that the content of papain in papaya fruit can kill the parasites that interfere with the activity of digestion in the intestines.

Maintain the health of the kidney

The papaya seeds also contain of essential nutrients for health. Papaya seeds contain of flavonoids and phenotic, an active substance that plays an important role in maintaining healthy kidneys.

Prevent flu

The content of vitamin C in fruit papaya can improve the immune system and prevent diseases such as cough, cold, influenza, and even cancer.

Prevent the heart attack and stroke

The high antioxidant content in papaya can prevent the oxidation of cholesterol and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as stroke and heart attack.


The content of antioxidants in papaya counteracts free radicals that can cause a variety of problems in the skin such as wrinkles, blemish, and many more.

Sharpen the sight

Eating papaya that is rich of beta-carotene can convert the vitamin A to maintain the health of the eyes.

Healthy skin

Vitamins A, C and E are good for skin health. In addition it can help moisturize, these vitamins can also help to restore the dull skin becomes brighter and fresher.


The content of papain and chymopapain can relieve inflammation and accelerate healing of burns. The benefit is then used to heal the wounds in the skin, psoriasis, and various other skin diseases.

Health digestion

The function of papaya is not only facilitating defecation, papaya can help cleanse your colon of toxins that are accidentally absorbed by the body. The fiber and antioxidants can lift and clean the intestines.

Papaya has been used extensively in traditional medicine for many diseases. The juice is able to heal the warts, cancer, tumor, and thickening skin. And for the health benefits risks, research & nutrition facts of the root or the extract of papaya, it can heal the uterine cancer, syphilis, tropical infections, hemorrhoids, and to eliminate mineral concretions in the urine.

The raw fruit works as a mild laxative or diuretic, and to stimulate lactation, labor or abortion. And the ripe fruit is for rheumatism and alkaline urine. More than that, the seed is to stimulate menstruation or abortion. The leaves are as a poultice for nerve pain and the growth of elephantoid, or smoking to help asthma. And the latex is for psoriasis, ringworm, indigestion, or applied externally as an antiseptic or heals the burning, or applied to the cervix to the uterus.

In some developing countries, the traditional use of the papaya is being investigated as an alternative to the standard treatment for many diseases. Papaya has various medicinal properties that are claimed for the treatment of diabetes, birth control, an antiseptic, antimicrobial, or diuretics, to control parasites, reduces inflammation, lowers blood pressure, and cholesterol. Although there is only limited data to support most of these uses, there is some evidence for the healing of bed sores and other wounds and in treating intestinal worms in humans.

Papaya with fleshy and juice golden yellow is the super food. The fruit is low of calories and fat. A papaya with medium size will provide of 300% more than recommended of vitamin C in a day. It is a healthy snack for everyone who does diet, including for toddlers.

But in the other hand, there are several bad effects that are cause by papaya.

It can Cause the Abortion

The raw papaya becomes the natural medicines to terminate the unwanted pregnancy. But the ripe papaya is declared as the safer food for pregnant women.  There is a possibility that raw papaya can trigger the uterine contractions because of the latex. That can cause the abortion, the abnormalities to  the baby, miscarriage, the premature birth, and the stillbirth may be happened.

Papain, an enzyme presented in papaya leaves has similar to the function of oxytocin and prostaglandins. Both hormones are known to induce the labor and increase the contraction. Pregnant women also experience a hemorrhagic placenta. Therefore, it is better to avoidpapaya, especially the raw ones to protect the mother and the baby.

Not Safe for Breastfeeding

The women in Asia are suggested to consume to salad in package that contained of green papaya to increase the producing of the milk. However, this is still in conflicting. In certain other parts of the world, women who are breastfeeding are advised not to eat papaya, cooked and raw, in the diet program. Although there is no evidence to show these negative effects, it is suggested that these fruits may have the adverse effects to the baby. However, it is advisable to check with your doctor before eating papaya.

Cause the Kidney Stone

A papaya with length of 5 inch has 60 mg of vitamin C, shows that this amount makes more than 300% of the recommended of vitamin C in a day. As the great antioxidant, vitamin C is popular to deal with the immune system, hypertension, protect againstcancer, the vascular disorders, and it can prevent through the anti-aging. However, the research shows that the increasing of thedoses of this vitamin can be the toxic that is paving the way for the formation of kidney stones.


Eating too many papayas can disrupt the digestive system. It will cause the abdominal pain such as bloated, nausea, stomachache. The abundant fiber in this tropical fruit also has the latex. This latex can cause the stomachache.

Cause Carotenemia

If consumed in high amounts, the presence of beta-carotene in papaya can cause skin discoloration, medically known as carotenemia.This is a condition where the whites of the eyes, feet, and palms turn yellow, as if the people attacked by jaundice.

Disturb the Respiratory

Papain, an enzyme that presented in papaya, is a strong allergen. The excessive consumption of papaya can trigger a variety ofrespiratory problems, such as wheezing, unobstructed breathing, hay fever, and asthma.

Slow the Heartbeat

People with heart problem should avoid consuming papaya. Papain is able to slow the heart beat and trigger the serious cardiovascular condition.

Not for Diarrhea

Similar with the other fruits that rich of fiber, papaya is unsafe for the person who is in diarrhea. The fiber in the papaya will bind and make the condition getting worse. It can make the people has got dehydration.

Unsafe for Baby Under 1 Year Old

While research has been established the real reasons, but some people advice women to not feed papaya in infants under age,because it may be caused the presence of fibers in abundance. The excessive intake of fiber has two main negative impacts, it can trigger diarrhea and without the enough intake of adequate water, it can make the poop hard and it will leave the constipation to the baby.

Cause Constipation

Everybody knows that papaya is the best and natural way to deal the constipation. But in contrast, the large amount in consuming papaya can create the negative impact. That’s why, to deal with this term, you must drink at least 10 until 12 glasses of water in order to keep from the constipation a day. And when the intake of the fiber is excessive, the amount of water must also be increased.

Papain and Medicine Cause the Negative Way

Studies have proved that papain, an enzyme present in papaya, has the potential to increase the blood thinning effect. Therefore, if you are consuming the medicine for blood thinners or anticoagulants, such as aspirin, check with your doctor to protect themselves from negative effect. According to various studies conducted on papaya, people who are affected by the condition of blood clotting, such as hemophilia and thrombosis should also refrain from papaya.


If you have respiratory problems such as asthma or allergic conditions, you must be careful because some people have got the allergy on this fruit. The effect of the papaya allergy is swelling around the mouth, face, itching in and around the mouth and throat, headache, dizzy, unobstructed breathing, abdominal pain, and hard to swallow.

Not only has the fruit, the papaya leaves also have the side effects. The papaya leaves have a toxic. The papaya sap that is containingmany advantages, it also caused irritant, vesicant, and dermatogenic against the skin.

So that for some people who are sensitive, it willcause tissue damage and injure the skin components. For pregnant women, the consumption of papaya should be limited and it must be considered properly because the enzyme papain contained in it. It can transform the protein into amino acids.

In addition, the bitter taste is not recommended for pregnancy because the fetus can make the baby fall because of the cold. The bitter foods are thought to have the same effect as herbal medicine. The health benefits risks, research & nutrition facts have been explained. So basically, being a smart consumer is important.


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